Anatomist & a Physiologist

Anatomy and physiology are the two main subjects in the medical sciences that are closely related. Although both anatomists and physiologists analysis the type of living organisms, the way the analysis from different perspectives.


Anatomists are biological and medical scientists who study the structure of living organisms. Mostly anatomists are educators and biomedical researchers and focus on human anatomy. Many anatomists specialize in other areas of medicine such as imaging, genetics, embryology, endocrinology, cell biology, forensic, neuroscience, anthropology, and microscopy.

Mostly anatomists work in medical centers and in medical colleges. Anatomists usually teach and perform research. They train many people’s that includes
1. Scientists
2.  Physician
3.  Dentist
4.  Nurses
5.   Pharmacists

Some of the anatomist’s work for the publishing firms. These peoples are also employed in industries that make artificial organs.  Anatomists mostly spend their time in the laboratory studying the structures of a living organism. Anatomists dissect organs that are large and see the smaller structures with the help of a microscope. Anatomists observe the microscopic structures using a light microscope or an electron microscope it depends on what they are studying.

How to become an anatomist?

First, you should major in biology in medicine in college. After getting the college degree take courses in biological, physical and behavioral sciences. After completing these courses you earn a bachelor degree.  Now get the master degree in the field anatomy or in another related field. After earning a master degree you will be able to get a job at school, colleges, or at an online publishing firm. Anatomy is a very wide field, therefore, you can also get your specialized training at various other fields of anatomy.

Notable anatomists

1. Leonardo da Vinci
2.  Nicolas Steno
3.  Raymond Dart
4.  Herbert Jasper
5.  Grafton Elliot Smith
6.  Albrecht Von Haller
7.  Giovanni Battista Morgagni
8.  Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle
9.  William Cumberland Cruikshank
10.  Marian Diamond
11.  Geoffrey Bourne
12.   Jean Cruveilhier
13.  Bernhard Siegfried Albinus
14.  Julius Kollmann
15.  Wilhelm Friedrich George Behn
16.  William Thornley Stoker
17.   John Sheldon

There are many others but these are some of them.


Physiologists are highly trained professionals that study how living organisms perform functions at the cellular and micro level. Physiology is closely related to the field of medicines, therefore, these people are highly in demand to perform scientific research for them and explain how the systems of the bodywork and develop a solution for our well being.

What physiologist does?

Physiologists perform research and explore cells, tissues, subcellular components, and systems of the body and also explore the interaction between them. These professionals investigate new diseases and develop various instruments for medical applications.

Where does physiologist work?

There are many subdivisions of physiology and it depends on the interest of a person because they may specialize in exercise physiology, neurophysiology, diagnosis physiology, toxicology, or vascular physiology. Most of the physiologist’s work at research institutes, universities, hospitals, and health-related organizations.

How to become a physiologist?

If a person wants to become a physiologist they must earn a bachelor degree in physiology, biology, physics. After earning a bachelor degree you will need advance learning to earn a master degree in physiology.  After earning a master degree in physiology you will be able to apply for jobs or advance your learning and earn a Ph.D. degree.

Difference between anatomists and physiologist’s

Anatomy and physiology are closely related fields and both are required if you want to learn how the complex systems of the multicellular organisms are made and how they work.


As we that these two fields are closely related and intertwined, therefore, these peoples or professionals sometimes works in the same place. Many colleges, schools, and universities often combine these subjects into one course.


The main difference between the anatomists and physiologists is that anatomists study the structure of living organisms while the physiologist’s study that how the structures of the bodywork.

What is anatomy?

Anatomy is an important subject that deals with the structures of living organisms. Anatomy is divided into various subdivisions because it is a very wide field. Anatomy is an old science and inherently tied to embryology, evolutionary biology, etc. The two major divisions of anatomy are macroscopic and microscopic anatomy.

Macroscopic anatomy also is known as gross anatomy is the examination of structures with naked eyes. Gross anatomy can be studied in two ways that are regional anatomy and systemic anatomy. In regional anatomy, we study the body in regions such as a lower limb, etc. In systemic anatomy, we study the body in systems such as the circulatory system, immune system, etc.

Microscopic anatomy is the branch of study that deals with the microscopic structures of the human body. These microscopic structures are very small and to observe them we use various instruments such as light microscopes, electron microscopes, X-rays, etc.

There are also many other subdivisions of anatomy that are
1. embryology
2. Living anatomy
3.  Anthropology
4.  Clinical anatomy
5.  genetics
6.  Evolutionary biology etc.

What is physiology?

Physiology is the branch of biology that deals with the functions and mechanisms of a living system. In physiology, we do not study the structures of living organisms but we study the functions of the structure that how this structure works and they contact with other structures of the body.

Physiology is also a very wide field and can be divided into various branches that are

1.  Cell physiology. It deals with the cells that how cells work and interact. It concentrates on membrane transport, gap junctions, and neuron transmissions.

2. System physiology. it focuses on the systems of the body that how these systems work.

3.Evolutionary physiology. It deals with changes in structures and systems with the passage of time.

4.  Defense physiology. It deals with the changes that occur in the body as a reaction to a potential threat.

5.  Exercise physiology. It deals with the effects of exercise on living organisms.


Anatomists are the peoples who study the structures of living organisms while physiologists are the peoples who the functions of the structures. anatomy and physiology are closely related subjects and to make a better understanding of an organism you must have to learn both.