circulatory system diseases

Circulatory system diseases

 Circulatory system diseases are easy to understand but first, read the short introduction of the circulatory system which are. The circulatory system is a system which contains heart and blood vessels which carry blood to all part of the body.
 
 
The circulatory system kept your body functioning.
 

The circulatory system functions are to carry oxygen, hormones, carbon dioxide, electrolytes, and nutrients.
 
 
Any diseases which affect this system are known as cardiovascular diseases.

These diseases arise due to factors. Some of them are due to the lifestyle of a person and some are due to genetical abnormalities.

The circulatory system diseases are also known as cardiovascular diseases.

Below are some of the circulatory system diseases which are,
 

1.  High blood pressure

Blood pressure measures the force which is required to pump blood through the arteries.
 
When the blood pressure arises from their normal level then this condition is known as hypertension.
 
 
Hypertension does not show any symptoms that’s why sometimes its often called the silent killer.
 
Hypertension may damage your heart and vessels and may lead to,
Heart diseases
Stroke
Kidney diseases.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery diseases is a type of circulatory system diseases in which plaque build-up in the coronary artery and due to which the arteries become narrower and harden.
 
This disease develops over time and it is a silent disease.
 
In this disease, you may suffer the chest pain or heaviness in the chest.

Atherosclerosis

This disease also occurs when plaque buildup in the arteries wall which blocks the blood flow.
 
Atherosclerosis is also referred to as hardening of the arteries.
 
The plaque which is made in the arteries consists of cholesterol, calcium, and fats.
 
Atherosclerosis and coronary artery diseases is a type of circulatory system disease which occurs due to plaque formed in the arteries.

Heart attacks

Heart attacks are medical emergencies that occur when your heart does not receive enough blood.
 
Heart attacks may be caused by the artery blockage due to which heart muscle damage.
 
Some of their symptoms are
Severe discomfort
Pressure
Fullness
Pain in the chest
Sweating
Nausea

Strokes

It is a type of vascular disease in which the blood supply to the brain is reduced due to the affected arteries.
 
This vascular disease may be caused by a blood clot that blocks an artery that supplies the blood to the brain.
 
Arteries rupture may also cause it.
 
In a stroke, the brain is highly affected.
 
Some of the stroke symptoms are
Face dropping
Arm weakness
Speech difficulty

Heart failure

It is a condition in which the heart is not able to pump the needed volume of blood to the body.
 
It occurs when cardiac muscles become damaged or weakened.
 
Heart attacks and coronary artery diseases are the main cause of heart failure.
 
Symptoms
Symptoms of heart failure are
Fatigue
Swelling
Increased urination
rapid breathing
Fainting

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

It is a bulge that arises in the weakest part of the main artery aorta.
 
If the bulge is small it causes fewer problems but when it becomes large you may suffer pain in the back and abdomen.
 
Sometimes this bulge rupture which is life-threatening.

PAD

Peripheral artery disease is a type of atherosclerosis which occurs in the extremities of the body usually in the legs.
 
In PAD, blood flow to the legs and brain is reduced.
 
People’s with PAD are at high risk of developing other circulatory system diseases.
 
Symptoms
Pain
Cramping
Coolness in legs
Sores
Change in skin color
 

What are the risk factors for circulatory system diseases?

There are two types of the risk factor which increase the risk of developing the circulatory system diseases.
 
These factors may be modifiable or non-modifiable.

These risk factors are
1.Lack of exercise
 2. Smoking
 3. Obesity
 4. Alcohol
 5. Stress
 6. Poor diet
 7. Advanced age
 8. Family history
 

Statistical data

The risk factors of the circulatory system diseases range from modifiable to none modifiable. so some of them are not avoidable.
 
But the data showed by the center for diseases and control management says that at least one-quarter of the deaths occurred due to heart diseases and strokes can be prevented.
 
Some of the circulatory system diseases can be cured with lifestyle changes, surgical procedures, and medications.
 

Tips to avoid circulatory system diseases

Below are some of the tips which can help you to maintain your circulatory system normal.

Tips
Healthy weight
Exercise thirty minutes a day
Use low fat and cholesterol diet
Eat more fruits
Eat vegetables and grains
Avoid saturated fat
Limit salt
Limit alcohol
Relaxation.

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